Added: 22 February, 2008
Group: CSS
Basic CSS link effects
Author: Alex
page: 1

Basic CSS link effects

Cascade style sheets offers whole varieties of tricks that can make your links and text on page look really cool.


Cascade style sheets offers whole varieties of tricks that can make your links and text look really cool.

Lets first create simple HTML and text example.


<div class="effect">SOME TEXT</div>


As you can see this is just simple text with call of effect class in <div> tag.

Now, create same text with link to page.html:

<div class="effect"><a href="page.html">SOME TEXT</a></div>


After that we can start creating CSS code.

Firstly we'll create class named effect:

.effect{
font:normal 12px Verdana;
color:#000000;
text-decoration:none;
background-color:#FFFFFF;
}


Then, following code creates anchor property in element class:

.effect a{
font:normal 12px Verdana;
color:#000000;
text-decoration:none;
background-color:#FFFFFF;
}


as you can see with this example the link will be same style as normal text.

Now lets add style to link when user link is active and visited. That can be easily managed in CSS via A:link, A:visited, A:active and A:hover properties.

a:link - defines the style for normal unvisited links.

a:visited - defines the style for visited links.

a:active - defines the style for active links. A link becomes active once you click on it.

a:hover - defines the style for hovered links. A link is hovered when the mouse moves over it.
But be aware that a:hover property is not supported by Netscape browsers prior to version 6.

Let's play:
.effect a:active{
font:normal 12px Verdana;
color:#666666;
text-decoration:none;
background-color:#FFFFFF;
}


.effect a:visited{
font:normal 12px Verdana;
color:#000000;
text-decoration:none;
background-color:#FFFFFF;
}


This CSS style will change the color of link text after the link is visited.

And last is styling a:hover property:

.effect a:hover{
font:normal 12px Verdana;
color:#FFFFFF;
text-decoration:underline;
background-color:#FF0000;
}


Hover effect will add underline option for text link. With hover styling you can change the link color, add underline, stroke effects, even change the font properties, type, size and decoration.

One of examples with font manipulation can be:

.effect a:hover {
font-size:24;
font-weight:bold;
color: red;
}


Advantages of using Cascade Style Sheets in designing your pages are that you will need to write and debug less code, about 50% fewer image files to create and update that instantly saves bandwidth.

GO to: Page 1 : Basic CSS link effects


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